How is a garden different from a landscape? While there are certainly similarities between the two I have noticed some common distinctions between them while working on many properties over the years. Below is my generalized distinction and thoughts on how a garden is different from a landscape within the broad industry of landscaping.
A garden is a specialized portion of a landscape. It is a collection of plants aesthetically arranged and tend to vary in size, shape, color and texture providing elements of interest in each season. The plants grow in close proximity and are suited to the growing conditions of the site. As the garden matures changes may be made according to how well the plants are performing; dividing or thinning vigorous growers and adding new varieties if desired, which makes the garden design dynamic.
A landscape is a broad view of the whole property, encompassing the lawn, trees, shrubs, plant beds and hardscape. A new landscaping project will likely involve regrading portions of the property, constructing hardscape such as a patio, retaining wall or pathways, and new lawn and planting bed areas will be established. Planting beds tend to be sparse and limited to the most commonly used varieties, leaving little distinction between multiple properties. Over time the space remains static with little to no change allowed to the design.